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A node package đồ sộ bởi some custom command line <tab><tab> completion for any system command, for Bash, Zsh, and Fish shells.

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Made possible using the same technique as npm (whose completion is quite awesome) relying on a shell script bridge đồ sộ bởi the actual completion from node's land.


Warning / Breaking changes

  • Windows is not supported
  • Cache has been removed
  • Now only tư vấn node > 7.10.1, for previous version with tư vấn for node 6 be sure đồ sộ use tabtab 2.2.x

Table of Contents

  • Goal of this 3.0.0 version

  • Installation

  • Usage

    • 1. Install completion
    • 2. Log completion
    • 3. Parsing env
  • Completion mechanism

    • Completion install
    • Completion uninstall
  • Debugging

  • API Documentation

  • Changelog

  • Credits

Goal of this 3.0.0 version

Simplify everything, major overhaul, rewrite from scratch.

Functional, less abstraction, clearer documentation, good test coverage, support for node 10 without babel.

Up đồ sộ date dependencies, easier đồ sộ debug, easier đồ sộ test.

Should still tư vấn bash, zsh and fish but bash is the primary focus of this alpha version.

No binary tệp tin anymore, just a library (still debating with myself)

The goal of this rewrite is two-folded:

  • Integrate nicely with yo (Yeoman)
  • Have a robust and fast enough library for yarn-completions



Writing completion is a two-step process: Installation and Logging. Tabtab provides just that.

Here is a basic example using minimist đồ sộ parse arguments.

#! /usr/bin/env node

const tabtab = require('tabtab');
const opts = require('minimist')(process.argv.slice(2), {
  string: ['foo', 'bar'],
  boolean: ['help', 'version', 'loglevel']

const args = opts._;
const completion = env => {
  if (!env.complete) return;

  // Write your completions there

  if (env.prev === 'foo') {
    return tabtab.log(['is', 'this', 'the', 'real', 'life']);

  if (env.prev === 'bar') {
    return tabtab.log(['is', 'this', 'just', 'fantasy']);

  if (env.prev === '--loglevel') {
    return tabtab.log(['error', 'warn', 'info', 'notice', 'verbose']);

  return tabtab.log([
    'someCommand:someCommand is some kind of command with a description',
      name: 'someOtherCommand:hey',
      description: 'You must add a mô tả tìm kiếm for items with ":" in them'

const run = async () => {
  const cmd = args[0];

  // Write your CLI there

  // Here we install for the program `tabtab-test` (this file), with
  // completer being the same program. Sometimes, you want đồ sộ complete
  // another program that's where the `completer` option might come handy.
  if (cmd === 'install-completion') {
    await tabtab
        name: 'tabtab-test',
        completer: 'tabtab-test'
      .catch(err => console.error('INSTALL ERROR', err));


  if (cmd === 'uninstall-completion') {
    // Here we uninstall for the program `tabtab-test` (this file).
    await tabtab
        name: 'tabtab-test'
      .catch(err => console.error('UNINSTALL ERROR', err));


  // The completion command is added automatically by tabtab when the program
  // is completed.
  if (cmd === 'completion') {
    const env = tabtab.parseEnv(process.env);
    return completion(env);


Please refer đồ sộ the examples/tabtab-test-complete package for a working example. The following usage documentation is based on it.

1. Install completion

To enable completion for a given program or package, you must enable the completion on your or user's system. This is done by calling tabtab.install() usually behind a program install-completion command or something similar.

// Here we install for the program `tabtab-test`, with completer being the same
// program. Sometimes, you want đồ sộ complete another program that's where the
// `completer` option might come handy.
  name: 'tabtab-test',
  completer: 'tabtab-test'
  .then(() => console.log('Completion installed'))
  .catch(err => console.error(err))

The method returns a promise, ví await / async usage is possible. It takes an options parameter, with:

  • name: The program đồ sộ complete
  • completer: The program that does the completion (can be the same program).

tabtab.install() will ask the user which SHELL đồ sộ use, and optionally a path to write đồ sộ. This will add a new line đồ sộ either ~/.bashrc, ~/.zshrc or ~/.config/fish/ tệp tin đồ sộ source tabtab completion script.

Only one line will be added, even if it is called multiple times.

2. Log completion

Once the completion is enabled and active, you can write completions for the program (here, in this example tabtab-test). Briefly, adding completions is as simple as logging output đồ sộ stdout, with a few particularities (namely on Bash, and for descriptions), but this is taken care of by tabtab.log().


This is the simplest way of adding completions. You can also use an object, instead of a simple string, with { name, mô tả tìm kiếm } property if you want to add descriptions for each completion item, for the shells that tư vấn them (like Zsh or Fish). Or use the simpler name:description sườn.

  { name: 'command', description: 'Description for command' },
  'command-two:Description for command-two'

The { name, mô tả tìm kiếm } approach is preferable in case you have completion items with : in them.

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Note that you can gọi tabtab.log() multiple times if you prefer đồ sộ bởi ví, it simply logs đồ sộ the console in sequence.

3. Parsing env

If you ever want đồ sộ add more intelligent completion, you'll need đồ sộ kiểm tra and see what is the last or previous word in the completed line, ví that you can add options for a specific command or flag (such as loglevels for --loglevel for instance).

Tabtab adds a few environment variables for you đồ sộ inspect and use, this is done by calling tabtab.parseEnv() method.

const env = tabtab.parseEnv(process.env);
// env:
// - complete    A Boolean indicating whether we act in "plumbing mode" or not
// - words       The Number of words in the completed line
// - point       A Number indicating cursor position
// - line        The String input line
// - partial     The String part of line preceding cursor position
// - last        The last String word of the line
// - lastPartial The last word String of partial
// - prev        The String word preceding last

Usually, you'll want đồ sộ kiểm tra against env.last or env.prev.

if (env.prev === '--loglevel') {
  tabtab.log(['error', 'warn', 'info', 'notice', 'verbose']);

Completion mechanism

Feel miễn phí đồ sộ browse the scripts directory đồ sộ inspect the various template files used when creating a completion with tabtab.install().

Here is a Bash completion snippet created by tabtab.

if type complete &>/dev/null; then
  _tabtab-test_completion () {
    local words cword
    if type _get_comp_words_by_ref &>/dev/null; then
      _get_comp_words_by_ref -n = -n @ -n : -w words -i cword

    local si="$IFS"
    IFS=$'\n' COMPREPLY=($(COMP_CWORD="$cword" \
                           COMP_LINE="$COMP_LINE" \
                           COMP_POINT="$COMP_POINT" \
                           tabtab-test completion -- "${words[@]}" \
                           2>/dev/null)) || return $?
    if type __ltrim_colon_completions &>/dev/null; then
      __ltrim_colon_completions "${words[cword]}"
  complete -o mặc định -F _tabtab-test_completion tabtab-test

The system is quite simple (though hard đồ sộ nail it down, thank you npm). A new Bash function is created, which is invoked whenever tabtab-test is tab completed. This function then invokes the completer tabtab-test completion with COMP_CWORD, COMP_LINE and COMP_POINT environment variables (which is parsed by tabtab.parseEnv()).

The same mechanism can be applied đồ sộ Zsh and Fish.

Completion install

As described in the Usage > Install Completion section, installing a completion involves adding a new line đồ sộ source in either ~/.bashrc, ~/.zshrc or ~/.config/fish/ tệp tin.

In the 3.0.0 version, it has been improved đồ sộ only add a single line instead of multiple ones, one for each completion package installed on the system.

This way, a single line is added đồ sộ enable the completion of for various programs without cluttering the Shell configuration tệp tin.

Example for ~/.bashrc

# tabtab source for packages
# uninstall by removing these lines
[ -f ~/.config/tabtab/__tabtab.bash ] && . ~/.config/tabtab/__tabtab.bash || true

It'll load a tệp tin __tabtab.bash, created in the ~/.config/tabtab directory, which will hold all the source lines for each tabtab packages defining a completion.

# tabtab source for foo package
# uninstall by removing these lines
[ -f ~/.config/tabtab/foo.bash ] && . ~/.config/tabtab/foo.bash || true

# tabtab source for tabtab-test package
# uninstall by removing these lines
[ -f ~/.config/tabtab/tabtab-test.bash ] && . ~/.config/tabtab/tabtab-test.bash || true

Completion uninstall

You can follow the tệp tin added in your SHELL configuration tệp tin and disable a completion by removing the above lines.

Or simply disable tabtab by removing the line in your SHELL configuration tệp tin.

Or, you can use tabtab.uninstall() đồ sộ bởi this for you.

if (cmd === 'uninstall-completion') {
  // Here we uninstall for the program `tabtab-test`
  await tabtab
      name: 'tabtab-test'
    .catch(err => console.error('UNINSTALL ERROR', err));



tabtab internally logs a lot of things, using the debug package.

When testing a completion, it can be useful đồ sộ see those logs, but writing to stdout or stderr while completing something can be troublesome.

You can use the TABTAB_DEBUG environment variable đồ sộ specify a tệp tin đồ sộ log to instead.

export TABTAB_DEBUG="/tmp/tabtab.log"
tail -f /tmp/tabtab.log

# in another shell
tabtab-test <tab>

See tabtabDebug.js tệp tin for details.

API Documentation

Please refer đồ sộ api directory đồ sộ see generated documentation (using jsdoc2md)


Please refer đồ sộ CHANGELOG tệp tin đồ sộ see all possible changes đồ sộ this project.


npm does pretty amazing stuff with its completion feature. bash and zsh provides command tab-completion, which allow you đồ sộ complete the names of commands in your $path. usually these functions means bash scripting, and in the case of npm, it is partially true.

there is a special npm completion command you may want đồ sộ look around, if not already.

running this should dump this script to the console. this script works with both bash/zsh and map the correct completion functions đồ sộ the npm executable. these functions takes care of parsing the comp_* variables available when hitting tab đồ sộ complete a command, mix them up as environment variables and run rẩy the npm completion command followed by -- words where words match value of the command being completed.

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this means that using this technique npm manage đồ sộ perform bash/zsh completion using node and javascript. actually, the comprehensiveness of npm completion is quite amazing.

this whole package/module is based entirely on npm's code and @isaacs work.

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